April 15, 2011
SoilVision Systems Ltd. is pleased to announce the full implementation and support of the Eurocode 7 standard in our SVSlope® 2D and 3D software. The implementation represents a fundamental shift in thinking on how the factor of safety is interpreted in software. Partial factors of safety ensure that different uncertainties are accounted for in different components of the problem.
The new Eurocode 7 standard is implemented as a new feature in the software. This feature does not affect any previous analyses performed using the traditional calculation of factor of safety. The traditional calculation of factor of safety in the software is still supported.
It is worthy of note that the new Eurocode 7 standard is supported in both our 2D and 3D versions of SVSlope®
The Eurocode Programme includes a series of European Standards that establish common unified design methods for building and civil engineering works across Europe. There are ten standards in the Eurocodes to cover different design and construction sectors of the civil and building industries. The Eurocodes are based on limit state principles, in which a distinction is made between ultimate and serviceability limit states. Ultimate limit states (ULS) are concerned with the safety of people and the structure, such as, loss of equilibrium (EQU), loss of stability (STR), etc. Serviceability limit states (SLS) are concerned with the functioning of the structure under normal use, the comfort of people, and the appearance of the construction works .
Eurocode 7 is the document that concerns geotechnical engineering design across Europe (BSI, 2004). Full implementation of the Eurocode 7 Standard has been adopted across Europe since 2010. Eurocode 7 reflects a significant change in design philosophy from traditional geotechnical design practice. In contrast to the traditional single, lumped factor of safety, the Eurocode 7 accounts for, with partial factors of safety, different uncertainties in different components of the problem, for example, different partial factors of safety are applied to characteristic values of the loads, soil strength parameters, etc. to get design values of these parameters. The analysis will be performed based on these design values. The factor of safety obtained with these design values is an overall factor of safety, if this factor of safety is greater or equal to 1.0, then we can say it is safe against failure.
Using Eurocode 7 in SVSlope® 2D / 3D
In SVSlope® 2D/3D, Eurocode 7’s three design approaches and British Standard BS 8006-1:2010 are implemented: Design Approach 1, Design Approach 2, Design Approach 3 and BS 8006-1:2010 Section 7. For Design Approach 1, two combinations are available. Furthermore, SVSlope also enables user to define their own partial factors set. The choice of different design approaches reflects the Europe-wide adoption of the Standard and offers designers in different nations an approach most relevant to their nations.
To apply a Eurocode 7 approach in SVSlope®, open the Model > Settings dialog, and select the Design Standard tab, then select the Design Standard you would like to apply. The default Design Standard selection is None. The following pre-defined options are available:
- Eurocode 7, Design Approach 1, Combination 1
- Eurocode 7, Design Approach 1, Combination 2
- Eurocode 7, Design Approach 2
- Eurocode 7, Design Approach 3
- BS 8006-1:2010 Section 7 - Reinforced Slopes
Figure 1: Set Eurocode 7 Design Standards.
After the user selects the pre-defined design approach, the corresponding partial factors will be shown on the same page. The user cannot edit the partial factor values for the pre-defined standards. If the user wants to define their own partial factors, select User Defined option, then the user can edit the values on the Partial Factor column.
After the user selects a design approach, the user may need to set Load Action as Permanent or Variable if there are external loads in their model. For 2D models, it is shown as in Figure 2 for Distributed Load. For 3D models, it is shown in Figure 3 for Point Loads.
Figure 2: Set Load Action for 2D Distributed Load with a Eurocode 7 design approach selected.
Figure 3: Set Load Action for 3D Point Load with a Eurocode 7 design approach selected.
Figure 4: The user can view selected Eurocode 7 design approach's partial factors under Model > View Information.
- Bond, A. J. and Harris, A. J., 2008. Decoding Eurocode 7, Taylor & Francis.
- British Standards Institution, 2004. Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design â€“Part 1: General rules, BS EN 1997-1, London, UK.
- British Standards Institution, 2010. BS 8006-1:2010 Code of practice for strengthened/reinforced soils and other fills.
- Smith, 2006. Smith's Elements of Soil Mechanics, 8th Edition, Blackwell Publishing.
If you would like more information on this feature, feel free to contact us directly or to download the student version of our software and try it out!